Tibetan New Year is the traditional holiday of Tibetan. It’s called “Losar ” into Tibetan, According to the written history, Tibet had a rich production experience in 100 B.C. At that time,when spring was very much in the air,people were happy and joyful. However, they had no such custom of spending early spring with jubilation. Later on,”Bon” which is native religion in Tibet,gradually rose. Some high priest who were good at astrology calculated that time from the winter solstice, it was the beginning of the New Year. From then on,the followers of Bon religion had the custom of celebrating the New Year festival. On first day of the new year,they painted the sun and moon on the main door, which means that they held memorial ceremonies for their ancestors in order to remember them. And they painted the swastika with red and white earth on both of their domestic animals and around courtyard, which means to wish of having a growing family,cattle is free from epidemics, long life,free of sickness,happiness and good harvest in coming Year. They organized various sports for entertainment such as archery,sword,lifting rock,spear,horse racing etc. The end of the New Year’s Day go to erect prayer flags on top of the mountain and side of the rivers to wish the everything could be successful in coming Year.
After that Tibetan New Year fixed according to the Tibetan lunar calendar,which is annually the end of twelve month from twenty nine. A couple of days before the New Year,general spring cleaning takes place in every rooms,new rugs are brought out and new pictures hung on the walls. On that’s day the housewives to show off their skill to make the various shape of doughnuts,”Khabse”. On twenty ninth of twelve month in Tibetan lunar calendar,that evening the whole family sits down together have a happy dinner. The dinner is just like a family reunion dinner, it is called,”Gu Tuk”
Gu means twenty nine and Tuk means dumpling.
In Some of the dumpling contain such strange things as a pebble,a pinch of chili,a bit of charcoal,a twist of wool. Everybody watches carefully to see which member of the family gets a surprise dumpling,as the pebble means the recipient’s heart is as hard as stone,charcoal means his or her mind as black as charcoal,chili means harsh words and wool means mind soft as wool etc.
Whoever happens to bite into one of these dumpling by mistake spits it out immediately with grimaces, which makes the whole family burst out laughing and increases the New Year’s Eve jollity. After finished to have that happy dinner,every member of the family drops nine time into a broken pot of their remainder meals because it is a demonolatry and then a man raise the torch and a woman carry that broken pot to go head of torch man to outside,which means to drive the bad disaster of the old year and warmly welcome the good luck in coming year. On 1st of the 1st month in Tibetan lunar calendar, every family gets up early in the morning to say “Losar Sang and Tashi Delek” for good luck, to each other,then they offer every first meals to the Buddha before their have, especially butter tea and barely beer,”Chang Poe, Jha Poe.” after that housewives should carry a water pail to take of auspicious water from the well or spring “Cho Poe”the first water of the new year and then the whole family will wash of their face and hand to this water and the domestic animals will give it too,after the whole family change the new clothes and they prepare a special thing,which is called “Droso Chimar”. It consists of a grain dipper filled with a mixture of barley flour,butter and roasted wheat to decorate colorful of the butter flowers.Which is one of the auspicious thing during the every celebration in Tibet. The grows small pot of barley seedling to offer in front of the Buddha to wish a good harvest in coming year,”Lupoe” it’s representing the first crops in the new year,after that they are going to visit of their friends and relatives family to say “Losar Sang and Tashi Delek”.
After remainder days of the new year,go to monastery to get the blessing and pay homage for good luck to every beings and peaceful at everywhere of the world in the new year.