The first King, Nyatri Tsenpo In the process of historical development, one big change was from primitive society to slavery system. Different tribes had to fight for the ownership of land and other issues. Therefore, it was important to look for a capable King who could rule them effectively. So in the second century B.C. The Tibetans in the Yarlung valley appointed one man as their King and gave him the name Nyari Tsenpo which means the (Neck-throned King).
There are few different ideas about where this King came from and when he became the King. The followers of the ancient Bon religion say that this King came down from heaven onto the Tsang Tang Goshi mountain, but they couldn’t communicate with him as the language was different. He only pointed to the sky when they asked him where he came from. They reported the news to their head and then the man was taken on their neck to the village. He was appointed as their first King because they believed that he was sent from heaven. The followers of Buddhism say that this King came from India. But there are many historians who believe that he came from Boyul in Kongpo. There days there are many history books that support this belief. These books say that Nyatri Tsenpo was the youngest of nine sons of mother Jamatsen and father Lhadak in Bowo of Kongpo. It is also said that he was a brave and strong man. He was famous for his hunting skill and he had to escape to Yarlung after breaking tribe rules and there he met a group of people who were looking for a King. In any case he is recognised as the first Tsenpo or the King of Tibet.