History of Tibet, human evolution, There is a beautiful legend related with the origin of human beings on the highland of Tibet. It is said that once upon a time Avalokitesvara, the Buddha of compassion gave lay-practitioner’s vow to a monkey and sent it to the snowy land to meditate. When the monkey was meditating alone in a cave on Gongpori mountain, an ogress came to him and asked him to marry her. He didn’t want to break his vow. So he refused her. But the ogress said that if she couldn’t marry him she would marry a demon and fill the land of snow with thousand of demons. Then the monkey went to Avalokitesvara and told him the whole story .
Avalokitesvara said that the monkey should marry the ogress as it was their karma. So they got married and gave birth to six small monkeys. In about three years time the monkeys had multiplied to 500 and the wild fruits they could find for food was no longer enough and so they had to learn hunting other animals for food. The father monkey was worried and he again went to Avalokitesvara who gave him five types of grain seeds which the monkeys planted and ate.
Gradually their tails became shorter and they also learnt to speak. They were the first human or the primitive Tibetans. In the process of struggling with nature for millions of years these primitive people learnt to make more advanced tools to hunt and cultivate field. Those who survived on hunting also learnt how to domesticate wild animals and graze them. These people became Tibetan nomads.
The others who learnt better ways to grow crops became farmers. When they faced dangerous natural disasters like big wind, earth quakes or changes in weather and death of people around them they also began to believe in the power of different gods in the natural elements and this became a primitive religion which is called Bon.