Drepung monastery is the biggest Gelugpa learning center and it is located o the slope of Gepel O-tse mountain just to the west of Lhasa city. It was founded in 1416 by Jamyang Choeje Tashi Palden who was one of the main disciples of master Tsongkhapa. The are four main Dratsang or colleges which are Deyang, Gomang, Loseling, and Ngakpa or the “tantric college”. Within each college there are many khamtsen or “dormitories” Monks from all over Tibet came here to study Buddhist philosophy and there used to be around ten thousand monks at the height of its importance, it functioned as a central Buddhist university, from where many masters and experts graduated and returned to their homeland to teach in their own local monasteries. The second Dalia Lama came here from Tashi Lhumpo and lived in the Gaden Podrang. His fifth incarnation became the ruler of Tibet and he moved from here to Potala Palace. In terms of relics, there is a holy set of Kangyur or the translation of Buddha’s oral teaching which is written in liquid gold. In the inner part of three times, the eight Boddhisattvas and many other important statues.
Every summer, there is a famous festival called the “Yoghurt Festival” and thousands of people gather during that time to view a giant Thangkha or scroll-painting that is displayed on the hill slope here. They pay homage and make offerings to the Buddha image and pray for world peace and the happiness of all the beings.